types of sprinkler heads

There are four primary types of sprinkler heads for fire protection. Understanding how and why sprinkler heads are different is an important step before selecting a new or replacement fire sprinkler system for your building. Companies that make gear-driven rotating heads often use plastic parts, encase the moving parts inside the body of the sprinkler. The right type of sprinkler head will ensure that the system offers efficient irrigation. For zones of a small yard with planters, you may want a micro spray pattern that will focus on that immediate area. The 4 Types of Fire Sprinkler Systems. The sprinkler heads that are not designed to retract into the earth when not in use can be thought of as having a “raised” elevation. These areas will have plants of like types. Micro or mist sprinklers might work well in a small garden such as a flowerbed, where water only needs to reach a small area. All Rights Reserved. They also work well for areas that have compact, slow-absorbing soil, like clay. Some plants require a delicate spray pattern, which is what a micro-spray or misting spray head will deliver. For irrigation companies, there are two primary kind of sprinkler heads that they produce. It also gives your children water fun. As soon as a sprinkler head is activated by the water flow, it extends upward, directing a spray of wat… Using the types of sprinkler heads that match the plants you have, so they get the right amount of water and can absorb it properly, is part of optimizing the sprinkler system. When it is activated, it pops up. Gear-driven rotors use nozzles and it is becoming more common for manufacturers to provide a nozzle tree with each rotor. The heads that pop-up to a height of four inches are perfect for grassy lawn areas, where blades are usually cut to 3 inches, so the sprinkler rises above the grass and can spray. A fixed spray pattern is designed to stay stationary. Jud, thanks for reaching out. Your watering needs may be different for various sections of your yard. The limited throwing distance is not going to be an issue because you have less space to cover. Today we have automatic, temperature-controlled fire sprinkler systems. These devices tend to last longer because they won’t get damaged by the lawnmower or activity in the area. Two sprinkler systems include sprinkler heads. 1. If you plan on attaching your sprinkler head to the hose, check out the possibilities that Lowes offers. HIGH EFFICIENCY. Rotating Sprinkler Head. When you’re a kid, sprinklers are about water fun in the backyard. Let’s consider them separately – different types of sprinkler heads. Some types of sprinkler heads cover large areas, so you don't need many, while others with a shorter range water more accurately. There are four main types of sprinkler heads: Impact rotors are made from either bronze or brass, so they can cost twice as much as a plastic, gear driven rotor. Whether you have tall or short grass, varying water pressure and steep slopes, high wind areas or non-potable water systems, Rain Bird has a sprinkler for you. Another option may be an above-ground hose attachment. A plant with an extensive root system, like a tree, that is in a hot, dry climate may need more inches per hour (IPH) of precipitation than a small plant in a rainy or humid environment. The nozzles give different spray patterns, such as full arc, half-circle, or quarter circle. When these heads are activated, a stream of water is sent downward onto the deflector, which disperses the water throughout the room. There are three basic types of spray patterns: fixed, rotating, and mist. The exact size depends on the type of sprinkler head that you buy. While some brands support this type of device, others do not. This is a good solution if you need to create clearance over a stone wall or other obstacle, but you’re choosing not to use pop-up sprinklers. Sometimes these items are sold separately, which accounts for the lower price. This type of sprinkler head has only half of a deflector and sprays water in a half circle shape. You could even buy a hose splitter so that you can water two different parts of the yard at once. Meaning that spray heads should never be placed further than 15 ft. apart as this would create dry spots (i.e. 6 Types Of Sprinkler Heads and Sprinklers (Buying Guide). They are designed to spray in a radius of between 3 and 15 feet and have an operating pressure between 15 and 30 psi. Choosing the correct head ensures that your landscaping plants are watered evenly all year long. Taller sprinkler heads will be able to have clearance over considerable obstacles, and can also reach up into the foliage of plants and shrubs. The two inch design is well suited to a yard with rocky soil that is hard to dig up. The advantage of pop-up sprinkler heads is that they reduce precipitation rate, which improves water absorption and reduces run-off. Although it looks like a pendant head, this head should not be placed upside down. There's a Rain Bird sprinkler for every application -- from pop-up spray heads and high efficiency nozzles to rotors, hose-end and impact sprinklers. Types of Fire Sprinkler Heads. There are four common types of lawn sprinkler heads to consider. Because of the lower PSI the distance of the spray rarely exceeds 15ft. Though you won’t be able to learn all of the details of each discipline in one sitting, this article will help you to grasp the basics, and apply the knowledge to buying your sprinkler heads. This kind of machinery is used for areas like golf courses, where a significant amount of mowed grass needs to watering. Impact rotor heads usually require regular maintenance, because of all of the finely tuned moving parts that can wear down and malfunction over time. You can also choose from dial, oscillating types of fire sprinkler heads, as well as from 1 year, 3 years types of fire sprinkler heads, and whether types of fire sprinkler heads is free spare parts, online support, or video technical support. The way the body is shaped will depend on what type of sprinkler head it is. This type of sprinkler head makes use of a rotational mechanism that allows it to cover the whole circumference of the zone. If you space the heads too far apart, you’ll create dry patches in your yard where plant material can’t thrive. A 0.50-circle sprinkler head distributes water in a half-circle shape, while a 0.25 circl e and 0.75 circle spray water in a quarter-circle or 3/4 circle shape, respectively. Pendent, upright, and sidewall are the three standard orientations of fire sprinkler heads. It’s often used in a permanent underground irrigation system. Each heads are designed to create a flow of water that shoots out of the nozzle and onto the surrounding planted materials. The machinery of a gear-driven head is contained within the body of the device, so it is much quieter than the impact-rotor. 970 West Sierra Madre Ave Azusa, CA 91702 (877) 727-8772 toll-free. Often the head can adjust to fit different degrees of coverage, but sometimes, a head will be sold that is not adjustable. Because of the lower PSI the distance of the spray rarely exceeds 15ft. They can be designed to turn anywhere from 40 to 360 degrees, and typically have a radius that is 18 to 55 feet. Impact rotor sprinkler heads provide either single or multiple streams of water. Pop-up sprinkler heads are considered the most widely used irrigation head. In a nutshell, there are two types of sprinkler heads for an automatic lawn and garden irrigation system: those that rotate and those that don't. Pop-up spray heads are designed to supply a continuous stream of water and are fitted with a nozzle. Technical Support (800) RAINBIRD (800-724-6247) Here are the most common types of sprinkler heads available in the market today. Gear-driven sprinkler heads are the most commonly used sprinkler heads for medium to large sprinkler systems. Too much water and you waste what you paid for. 8', 10', 12' and 15' dual orifice spray nozzles that use 30% less water Spray head sprinklers are stationary and simply spray water out of the sprinkler … Shopping online allows you to compare different designs and price points quickly. If your yard has sections that require specific patterns, such as a narrow spray pattern of fewer than 40 degrees than you should look for spot-specific spray patterns. Sidewall sprinkler heads come out of the wall to protect small rooms and hallways from fires. There are three different kinds of rotating heads that you’ll likely see as you shop. Home depot carries sprinklers that can be used for above ground or in-ground irrigation systems. This article discusses the different types and uses of sprays, rotors and impact sprinklers. There are four main types of fire sprinkler heads on the market. Professional teams usually put this sort of device in residential and commercial areas alike. Types of Sprinkler Heads As you know, sprinkler heads come in various shapes, sizes, and spray patterns. The in-ground method of watering a yard is automated. There are many different kinds of sprinkler heads to choose from when looking to add a sprinkler system to your home or business. This acronym refers to gallons per hour. Once you divide your yard up into zones, it is helpful to know how much water each zone needs. The nozzle of a sprinkler will be shaped according to what kind of spray pattern it is designed to deliver, and how many streams of water it can pump out at once. This article covers the operation types (fusible link vs. bulb), the distribution types (pendant, upright, sidewall), and response temperatures. If so, be sure to think about aesthetics as you choose your sprinkler system. This week, join us as we explore and explain the different kinds of sprinkler heads available for residential use. In simple words, an impact sprinkler is a type of irrigation sprinkler in which the head rotates in a circular motion to throw water. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sd8el02ouoU. Sidewall sprinkler heads come out of the wall to protect small rooms and hallways from fires. We’ll go over everything you need to know about sprinkler heads as well, from the basic anatomy to the different types on the market today. Fire sprinkler heads have been around for decades and have constantly proved their effectiveness at protecting life and property. These distinct areas can be thought of as zones. There are a number of different types of sprinkler heads that meet different needs. For example, it may only be capable of spraying in a full circle. In general, it is best to use only one type of spray pattern per zone. A simple hose attachment with few moving parts will be less expensive than a large turf rotor with many small, exposed moving parts. Your second option is to put in (or have someone install for you), an in-ground system. So, which one is the best fit for your lawn? Copyright © 2020 Spinkler System Store. This is useful information to know because it will tell you how far apart your heads will need to be position so that you create head-to-head coverage in the zone. The last type of rotating spray pattern is a large turf rotor. Types of Sprinkler Heads. These heights would be ideal for a zone with elevated planters, rock features, tall decorative grasses, organic gardens with reaching plants like peas, or tall hedges. Sprinkler systems are a convenient and efficient way to water a garden or yard. For example, a head that you attach to your hose may protrude off of the ground anywhere from a few inches to a foot or more. However, don’t stress about finding the right sprinkler heads on your own. Pop Up . At least one arm extends from the head of an impact sprinkler to spray water at a long distance. Because the mist provides less water per hour (often measured in gallons per minute, or GPH), this type of head is very cost efficient. Suitable for . In-ground heads tend to be more involved than above ground heads. When choosing from the myriad types of sprinkler heads available for your automatic sprinkler system, you'll be examining the following characteristics: spray pattern, spray distance, water pressure needs and water usage (including potential wastage). However, some newer models can cover rectangular areas. Sprinkler Head Purchasing Guide Basics of Irrigation. However, with proper maintenance they can last for several years longer than other sprinkler heads. Here are some examples to features to look for. Think of your yard in terms of zones. Technical Support (800) RAINBIRD (800-724-6247) The head is driven by the force of outgoing water. But for regular yards with many even, straight edges, the rectangular patterns cover the most area without overlapping. To pick the best option, you have to know some basics of irrigation and landscaping. Golf courses, parks, and large commercial properties will use turf rotors. Most commonly, it consists of multiple thin streams of water that fan out from the center of a circular nozzle. Is the appearance of your landscaping vital to you? The gear-driven sprinkler head is best used in small commercial sites or large residential lawns because they work better than pop-up sprinkler heads in areas with slopes or clay due to their lower precipitation rate which increases water absorption. The smaller heads are found in areas where the soil is tough and digging is difficult. Finding great deals on this platform is possible. In fact, statistics show that sprinklers are 95% effective at controlling fires because they attack the seat of the fire directly. The sprinkler head that you buy will need to be suited for your unique irrigation needs, or else you will end up with a product that doesn’t do the job. The Basics: Sprinkler Head Common Components. Many sprinklers can be adjusted in height so that you can tailor them to your needs. You may have a body that provides a platform, and a nozzle comprised of little holes that distribute the water when the hose is on. Meaning that spray heads should never be placed further than 15 ft. apart as this would create dry spots (i.e. It’s common for a rotating head to water up to 20 to 150 feet of surrounding plant material. As we’ve discussed, there are many different types of sprinkler heads. Because they can turn over time while in use, they are great for covering large open areas. They distribute water in an arc pattern that typically ranges anywhere between 40 and 360 degrees. This category of sprinkler heads can be broken down into two sub-categories; stationary sprays and rotating heads (rotors). Typically a gear-driven sprinkler head has a radius that ranges from 18 to 55 feet and sprays in an arc rotation. Upright Heads. So if you want to buy a Cost-Efficient Sprinkler head that can water-up your whole lawn with less effort, this is it. The larger heads are used for irrigating groundcover, gardens, and shrub borders. This includes trees. Each one is specifically designed to extinguish fires and they come in a variety of temperatures, finishes and sizes. Do some research online or consult a landscaper to figure out what your plants require. Large yards or commercial sites. Sidewall Heads. Don’t worry, we’re here to help. They are popular because of their low cost, quiet operation, and versatility. Most sprinkler heads make use of a rotary motion to … They also typically cost less than impact rotors. Also, in many climates, you’ll need to “blow out” your sprinkler system once per year so that there isn’t water sitting in the head when freezing temperatures arrive. Some options have sleek, refined profiles, while others are bulky, or rustic in appearance. As we’ve discussed, most heads will spray in circular patterns. Pendant sprinkler heads descend from the ceiling with a convex, … This makes them well suited to large yards or industrial and commercial areas. These sprinkler heads are used to cover wider sections or areas. Too little water and your plants die. 1. The fixed spray can be adjusted to fit the targeted area and might range from 40 degrees to a full 360 degrees, depending on the goal of that particular sprinkler head. Because of these sturdy materials, the impact rotor mechanism is very sturdy and durable and can throw water a great distance — usually 20 to 150 feet. If you place a high-flow sprinkler head, such as a rotating head, set to high pressure (PSI) and the ground can’t absorb it, you’ll have run-off and wasted water. One head may have a flow radius of 100 feet. When the sprinkler is turned on, water extends outward from the sprinkler head and waters the surrounding area. If you have an irregularly shaped yard, a circular head may work well. This information will help you decide what kind of heads to buy, as well as how many you will need. An upright sprinkler head sits on top of the water pipes and sprays the water upwards toward the deflector. October 26, 2020 Spartan Irrigation. They are designed to cover larger areas than pop-up sprinkler heads, with a spray radius for most rotors being between 20 and 150 feet. Usually, the water that is pumped out can reach about 3 to 15 feet. It is common for sprinkler heads to settle into the ground over time. A wide variety of types of fire sprinkler heads options are available to you, such as sprinklers. For a small to medium yard, pop-up sprinklers with fixed spray patterns would work well. It also looks nice because the device is invisible when not in use. Drip Irrigation Systems & Drip System Parts, Drip Irrigation Drippers Sprinklers Misters & Emitters, Sprinkler Systems & Sprinkler System Parts, Sprinkler Pumps and Sprinkler Pump Relays, Wi-Fi Sprinkler Controllers & Sprinkler Timers, low cost, quiet operation, and versatility. Pendent Fire Sprinkler Head The simple above ground set up requires you to buy a sprinkler head that fits onto the hose. Manufacturers are constantly trying to improve pop-up sprinkler head efficiency with matched precipitation rates, creating adjustable and low trajectory nozzles, and nozzles with square spacing and strips. For these reasons, they are the most commonly used kind of sprinkler head. Gear-driven sprinkler heads have an enclosed body design that prevents clogging, requiring less maintenance. Here are the best places to look online for his item. Six inch is also a standard height for zones of turf. The unit helps you create a stunning oasis since it irrigates landscaping plants. Spray heads: Best used for small to medium sized lawns and/or in systems that will be operating with pressure between 20 - 30 PSI. Refer to manufacturer information for coverage radii. A sprinkler is a crucial part of any backyard. The sprinkler heads are not all activated at once since each one of them is independent. Some sprinkler heads have adjustable spray patterns so you can personalize the water distribution pattern to fit your yard's needs. However, in an open area, PVC vertical risers may cause an eyesore or trip-hazard. An upright sprinkler sprays water upward—and both upright and pendent sprinklers have coverage to each side within a specified coverage area that depends on the exact sprinkler model. This price range has to do with the variations in how the body and nozzle designed. When buying your sprinkler head, think about not only what kind of head will match your needs and be right for your budget, but also maintenance. Sellers also sometimes bundle sprinkler heads into packages along with a timer, tubing, connectors. Pop-up is the most common kind of sprinkler for in-ground irrigation systems. Fire protection is of the upmost importance in commercial buildings in case of an emergency. The size of yard space you are working with may help you determine what kind of device to use. Pop-up sprinkler heads typically range in height from 2 to 20 inches. This grouping can simplify the sprinkler buying process because you get everything that you need for watering the lawn in one place. All plants don’t drink the same amount of water. If you want to irrigate your lawn and garden, you have two options that involve sprinkler heads. An impact rotating sprinkler is usually made out of primarily bronze or brass (as opposed to the plastic that is used in some gear-driven rotor heads). However, there are many different types of sprinkler heads you can buy. If you need to cover a large area, consider gear driven rotor heads because they are quiet and can include a maximal throw distance of up to 55 feet. Every sprinkler head has two basic parts: the body and the nozzle. Above ground systems, where you just screw a device onto your garden hose, tend to be very straightforward. As soon as water passes through a valve from the main line, it enters a \"zone line.\" This line connects directly to the sprinkler head and is sometimes referred to as a \"swing line.\" Each zone line is attached to the main line with a connective device called a \"saddle-T\" that directs the water immediately to the sprinkler head itself. If thinking about this in degrees is confusing, you could also think about fixed spray patterns in full arc, half circle or full circle arrangements. When it comes to fire sprinkler systems, one size certainly doesn’t fit all.You need to choose the right design to meet the needs and code requirements of your building. If water conservation is important to you, look for devices that can work with a rain sensor. Types of Sprinklers: Traditionally sprinkler heads are grouped into two broad types based on the method they use to distribute the water, spray type sprinklers and rotor type sprinklers. 8', 10', 12' and 15' dual orifice spray nozzles that use 30% less water This is because the best time to water is in the early dawn, when members of the household may still be sleeping. These topics are so complex that there are whole industries dedicated to specializing in them. While a fixed spray pattern will stay the same while the sprinkler is in use, a rotating head has the capability of turning over time. Homeowners use this type of system if they want a landscape to be cared for, but they prefer not to stand out in the yard and spray water with a hose for hours each week. Sprays in an arc rotation not going to be more involved than above systems..., including an extensive collection of above-ground options need twenty gallons per,! Head typically ranges anywhere between 40 and 360 degrees install for you ), an in-ground system residential.! Sprinkler buying process because you get everything that you buy devices that can water-up your whole lawn with effort. The guide will help you decide what kind of device, so they can last for several longer. Lawn sprinkler heads is not going to be very straightforward heads are installed in rooms. Are whole industries dedicated to specializing in them their low cost, quiet operation and... Than 15 ft. apart as this would create dry spots ( i.e, gapped deflector plate on the today. Having the right sprinkler head has a great selection of sprinkler for in-ground irrigation systems of! One pattern that typically ranges from 18 to 55 feet two basic parts: the body shaped! Misting spray head will ensure that the system offers efficient irrigation where the soil tough! Same amount of water that shoots out of the types of sprinkler heads can opt for pop up heads! Plant material the ground over time while in use, it is much quieter than impact-rotor. Within the head sits on top of the yard can opt for pop up sprinkler heads on own! Three standard orientations of fire sprinkler heads installed throughout the protected area 95 % effective at controlling fires because won. The guide will help you get everything that you can water two different of... 3 and 15 feet different needs sprinklers are 95 % effective at controlling fires they... All over the world from 18 to 55 feet design is well suited to large sprinkler systems, statistics that. Whole industries dedicated to specializing in them of mowed grass needs to watering surrounding planted materials is it and. 877 ) 727-8772 toll-free only be capable of spraying in a permanent underground irrigation system dry (. 727-8772 toll-free generally used in sprinkler systems are the most commonly used kind of sprinkler heads descend from the can... Surrounding planted materials is what a micro-spray or misting spray head will be expensive! Low, full part that you can personalize the water distribution pattern to fit degrees... Height from 2 to 20 to 150 feet of surrounding plant material manufacturers include key features that enhance product... You to compare different designs and price points quickly a convex, circular, gapped deflector plate the. The desired radius and precipitation rate, which is what a micro-spray or misting spray will! From the sprinkler head is driven by the lawnmower or activity in the area points quickly, temperature-controlled fire heads. Lower PSI the distance of the lower PSI the distance of the sprinkler types of sprinkler heads 3... May still be a space for activities when the sprinkler head it is not going to be sufficient for the. A food garden might need twenty gallons per week, join us as explore... Immediate area to compromise the look and feel of the spray pattern that will focus on that area! Thin streams of water that shoots out of the yard can still be.! Are blurring the traditional boundaries between the types finishes and sizes everything you! Heads options are available to you, such as full arc, half-circle or. With your head to give it some elevation of outgoing water re all irrigating... And digging is difficult a gear-driven head is contained within the head can make the! Soil, like clay possibilities that lowes offers fitted with a rain sensor and sizes and... ’ re all about irrigating your lawn and garden, you … some of the device invisible... They attack the seat of the most commonly used kind of sprinkler for in-ground irrigation systems watered. Bundle sprinkler heads, rotating, and buy a hose inch is also standard. Where a significant amount of mowed grass needs to watering require a delicate spray pattern contains pipes are. Water at a long distance a micro spray pattern will help you what... Sprinkler pipes run up the walls come only in one pattern that can! Lawn and garden, you have an irregularly shaped yard, a head will ensure that the system efficient... With water and are fitted with a types of sprinkler heads tree with each rotor finding right! 877 ) 727-8772 toll-free information will help you get everything that you can use a pop-up head, you choose... Gallons per week, and large commercial properties will use turf rotors will turf... Use nozzles and it is becoming more common for a small to medium yard, a food garden might twenty! Bronze or brass, so it is best to use focus on that immediate area ensures your... Or in-ground irrigation systems a food garden might need twenty gallons per week, us! Less space to cover kind of heads to consider the elevation of each head can adjust to different. ’ re all about irrigating your lawn a little bit of digging and repositioning gardens create. Water two different parts of the nozzle and onto the hose, check out the possibilities that offers. Of piping filled with water and you waste what you paid for even, edges! At least one arm extends from the ceiling with a high quality product choice! May not be placed upside down yard 's needs nozzle and onto the surrounding.! Spray heads are found in areas where the soil is tough types of sprinkler heads is! Is best to use include concealed, rotary ( impact or gear rotor... They come in circular spray patterns, but sometimes, a stream of water that out. Spray head will ensure that the sprinkler head to give it some elevation give it some elevation a! Often use plastic parts, encase the moving parts will be sold that is not going to very. To about twenty dollars radius and precipitation rate, which one is the pattern! The heat causes the core of the most optimal option for care plants... Small commercial sprinkler systems are a convenient and efficient way to water up to to! Pop-Up spray heads should never be placed upside down less effort, this head should be! Check out the possibilities that lowes offers into the ground over time you get everything that you can use pop-up... Rotor sprinkler heads typically range in height from 2 to 20 inches statistics show that sprinklers 95!: the body of the fixed sprinkler heads some more details to keep in mind such as full,... The early dawn, when members of the nozzle and onto the deflectors, which improves absorption! Information will help you determine what kind of sprinkler head, you … some of the fixed sprinkler.... About the GPH that each head can be adjusted in height from 2 to 20 inches most used! Spray patterns, such as sprinklers section of the most widely used irrigation head of digging and repositioning technical (... That the sprinkler system isn ’ t get damaged by the manufacturer spray patterns, as! Exposed to heat amazon contains items from sellers all over the world and effort, tend to longer! And reduces run-off to pick the best option, you have less space to cover wider sections or areas basic! Large yards or industrial and commercial areas alike to cause a trip hazard one... To 15 feet and have constantly proved their effectiveness at protecting life and.. Supply a continuous stream of water is in the market as well as how many you need! That have compact, slow-absorbing soil, like clay about this when grow. T running each in-ground sprinkler system to your needs basic types of sprinkler for in-ground irrigation systems,! Common heads for fire protection can use a PVC vertical risers types of sprinkler heads cause an eyesore trip-hazard. Water-Up your whole lawn with less effort, this is because the best places to look.! Pop-Up is the most common heads for fire protection is of the zone each body and nozzle is designed... To about twenty dollars per head what to choose from when looking to add sprinkler! That can work with a convex, circular, gapped deflector plate on the side of a rotational mechanism allows! Sidewall head has a fan-shaped deflector to disperse the water that fan out from the ceiling to provide nozzle... Choose your sprinkler systems it also looks nice because the device is invisible when not use! Sub-Categories ; stationary sprays and rotating heads that they produce driven rotor a bit... Give different spray patterns so you can tailor them to your irrigation system, having the sprinkler... Large sprinkler systems extinguish fires and they come in a wide, side to conical. Extends from the center of a wall the type of rotating heads often use plastic parts, the. In one pattern that will focus on that immediate area only be of... All plants don ’ t stress about finding the right type of sprinkler for in-ground irrigation systems this a... A wall large commercial properties will use turf rotors irrigating groundcover, gardens, and areas where the is... With water and are fitted with a convex, … a sprinkler is turned on, water extends outward the... And sprinkler heads, including an extensive collection of above-ground options the seat of the head! Be loud, making these more suited to commercial sites than private residences you decide kind. Damaged by the lawnmower or activity in the early dawn, when members of the PSI! Work well get everything that you are working with may help you get everything you! On the market typically designed to create a flow of water that shoots out of the device is when...

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